Sites of Ancient Britain in England and Wales:
Southwest | Cornwall
| England South
Southeast | West Sussex
| Lewes | East Sussex
| Kent | Berkshire
| Peak District
| Creswell Crags
| West Yorkshire
| Snowden Carr
| East Yorkshire
| Isle of Man
| North Wales
| South Wales
WILTSHIRE: | Knowlton Rings
| Silbury Hill
| Avebury |
First-time users please read
Page thoroughly for understanding.
I photographed all the stones of Avebury in
2005 and will be putting up
those photographs and astronomical interpretations as time goes on.
The material below is an early beginning in interpreting the stones
and thus is still quite a bit speculative,
but it was important to get an astronomical orientation at Avebury.
The stones of
and each stone marks a particular star, group of
or constellation of stars (a known group of stars),
though of course these need not have been identical
to the stars that
make up any constellation today.
Name Origin of AVEBURY
The name AVEBURY itself is inconclusive as to its origin:
The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of
v. 1-27, Volume 3 (Google eBook), 1835, edited by G. Long, writes:
"AVEBURY, ABURY, ABIRY,
the name of a village and parish in Wiltshire, England....
The origin of the name is uncertain;
the last part, bury, a borough, or fortified place,
appears to be a Saxon word, and if so,
Averbury is not the original name of the place."
Etymological Dictionary has the following to say for bury (v.):
"Old English byrgan "to raise
a mound, hide, bury, inter,"
beorgan "to shelter" ...."
Macbain's An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic
has a word that in the spirit of Hamlet's Mill
as the turning mill-stone wheel of heaven
could be considered as a possible candidate
for the place name origin
in an archaeoastronomical context,
viz. brà, viz.bràth meaning:
"a quern, Irish bró, g. brón,
Early Irish bró, g. broon, mill-stone,
*brevon-, *bravon-; Sanskrit grâvan-;
Lithuanian gìrnos; English quern".
Speculatively for now,
the gigantic megaliths at Avebury in our interpretation
mark the stars of the heavens,
two smaller stone circles within the larger Avebury circle
could mark calculation of the position of the pole star and north
as was done using Perseus for precessional
calculation at the Hurlers in Cornwall.
There are hundreds of figures on Avebury megaliths
and I am not the first to see them.
Interpretation of course, is a different matter.
In our analysis of what we allege to be
the larger system of survey of Ancient Britain by astronomy,
Avebury could have marked the Spring Equinox while
nearby Silbury Hill
then arguably represented the mound of Perseus
right on the line of the ecliptic
meridian in ca. 2500 B.C.
Very speculatively (!)
one might interpret figures in a stone at Avebury as below,
with a giant carrying a lamb of Spring in his left arm,
and another animal
in his right.
This theme of a figure with a lamb
under the arm of a man
as a sign of "Spring"
is an ancient theme we also find in ancient Mesopotamia.
The following stone
we call Avebury Stone 7, the Hydra Stone
in the large Avebury Circle of Standing Stones.
Photo by Andis Kaulins, 2005.
Provisionally, I have identified this megalith at Avebury as Hydra, the
Do you see the man carved inside this stone,
which is arguably the
raised head of a serpent?
Ancient seafarers may have
encountered dangerous sea serpents,
perhaps as large conger eels, on
depictions can not stem from Britain or Ireland per se.
is also that they stem from ancient sea voyages
to distant locations
where such large serpents exist.
Suffice it to say that if the identification of
Hydra above is correct,
the identification of the remaining stones should be
more easily enabled.
The owner and
webmaster of Megaliths.net is Andis
B.A. University of
Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
Alumnus Associate of Paul, Weiss,
Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, NYC
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