Ancient Signs Traben-Trarbach, Germany Live Cam



| HOME | Site Map | Sky Map | The Book | England | Wales | Scotland | Ireland | France | Germany | Benelux | Italy Corsica Malta Sardinia | Switzerland & Austria
|
| Spain Portugal | Scandinavia | The Baltic | Russia | Eastern Europe | Central Asia | Near East | Egypt & Africa | Greece | Turkey | USA & Canada |
| Mexico & Mesoamerica | South America | New Zealand & Oceania | China | Japan | Korea | Southeast Asia | India & Sri Lanka |
| Mercator | Kammrath | Cult of Horus | Nebra | Tanum | Osnabrueck | Oesterholz | Externsteine | Stars Stones and Scholars |
| Ancient Signs The Alphabet and the Origins of Writing |





Megalithic Sites at Megaliths.Net
Home - The Megaliths of the World : Cultural Astronomy & Land Survey - Home
Megalithic Sites at Megaliths.Net
Google


WWW MEGALITHS.NET

Stars Stones and Scholars:
The Decipherment of the Megaliths

(2003 softcover)
(2006 hardcover)

stars stones scholars

Ancient Signs
The Alphabet
& The Origins of Writing


Ancient Signs

My newest print & ebook, Ancient Signs
shows that our modern alphabet is based on alphabets derived from syllabic scripts (Sumer, Egypt, Iran, Anatolia, Crete, Cyprus).

Megalithic Sites
(main links to deciphered sites)

Site Map with clickable world map |
England | Wales | Scotland | Ireland |
Belgium | Netherlands | Luxembourg |
France | Channel Islands | Spain | Portugal |
Germany | Switzerland | Austria |
Malta | Italy | Corsica | Sardinia |
The Baltic (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) |
Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Faroe Islands, Greenland) |
Greece | Turkey | Near East |
Egypt (Pharaonic Civilization) & Africa |
Russia | East. Europe | Central Asia |
South Asia (incl. India, Sri Lanka) |
China | Japan | Korea | SE Asia |
Australia | New Zealand | Oceania |
USA & Canada |
Mexico & Central America |
South America | Easter Island |


kaulins scotland
CLAVA CAIRNS
Andis Kaulins Scotland 2001
At Balnuaran of Clava


kaulins malta
MALTA TEMPLES
Andis Kaulins in Malta 1988
Malta Temples, at Tarxien





Megalithic Sites of Ancient Britain in England and Wales:
England Southwest | Cornwall | Devon | England South | Herefordshire | Oxfordshire | Gloucestershire | Stonehenge | Wiltshire | England Southeast | West Sussex | Lewes | East Sussex | Kent | Berkshire | Wayland's Smithy | Bedford | Derbyshire | Peak District | Creswell Crags | Lancashire | West Yorkshire | Snowden Carr | East Yorkshire | North Yorkshire | Northumberland | Cumberland | Isle of Man | North Wales | South Wales

England
Stonehenge
Wiltshire


STONEHENGE: | Barrows | Groundplan | Sarsens | Stonehenge Breastplate | Trilithons |
WILTSHIRE: | Knowlton Rings | Winterbourne Stoke | Pleiades | Silbury Hill | Woodhenge | Avebury |

MEGALITHS.NET
Megaliths Deciphered


Ancient Britain
STONEHENGE
GROUND PLAN
as ASTRONOMY

First-time users please read
the Index Page
thoroughly for understanding.


THE GROUND PLAN OF STONEHENGE

Photographs and illustrations of Stonehenge often do not provide precise geographic orientation for the normal viewing reader, who in his mind's eye may then tend to see Stonehenge more as a simple stone circle rather than as a group of differentiable megaliths intentionally positioned by ancient man to serve a specific function. The first graphic consists of a modern photo by us (2005) plus an illustrated ground plan of Stonehenge as it appears today (both by Andis Kaulins).

STONEHENGE TODAY

Stonehenge Photographed from the Heel Stone



STONEHENGE YESTERDAY

The middle graphic is a scan by Andis Kaulins of a fold-out Stonehenge survey map from the year 1810. One scan was made of each map half and both then pasted together on a PC using graphics software to create one image. That original survey map is found glued to the inside margin of page 55 of William Long's book, Stonehenge and its Barrows, published in Devizes in 1876 from the original publication in Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, vol. xvi, Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. The Stonehenge map in Long gives the same view from the bottom upwards as our photograph and illustrated ground plan above it. These two graphic images thus provide an excellent frontal view of Stonehenge combined with a matching "aerial" perspective of the larger megalithic site. Stonehenge is thereby viewed along its main axis, which is the Stonehenge Avenue, usually just called the Avenue. Gerald S. Hawkins in his book Stonehenge Decoded (p. 54) writes that the 30 sarsens were spaced uniformly as an outer circle with an average error of less than 4 inches, but "At the northeast, precisely--as might be expected--on the midsummer sunrise line, there was an entrance to this circle, made by spacing two stones (1 and 30) 12 inches farther apart than average". This gap is quite apparent in the photograph above.

In that photograph The large fallen stone a bit to the left at the top of the avenue is the Slaughter Stone, which is not as famous as the Heel Stone, not pictured here because yours truly, the photographer, like the rising sun, is standing at the location of that Heel Stone looking down the Avenue toward the awaiting Stonehenge sarsens and trilithons. The survey map has a main caption reading "Ground Plan of Stonehenge" and thereunder the words: "Transfered to Stone, from the Original Copper Plates, by the kind permission of J. Bruce Nichols Esqre".


Stonehenge Survey 1810



STONEHENGE ORIGINAL PLAN

Our graphic below shows how Stonehenge must have looked when all stones were intact in their places ca. 1749 B.C. by our calculations. Note that Stonehenge was a lunisolar calculating machine. The 30 Sarsens marked the moon stations in the stars, and the applicable stars are shown by figures, marks and holes in the sarsens. 10 Constellations were represented by the Trilithons along the ecliptic, with the open end of the horseshoe excluding Hydra (Cancer) and Leo toward the Sommer Solstice point. 19 Bluestones makred the Metonic Cycle. 30 "Y" Holes marked "full" months of 30 days. 29 "Z" Holes marked "defective" months of 29 days. The "new moon" month is 29.53 days, so the ancients used some form of alternation between these two rings. 56 Aubrey Holes were used for eclipse prediction based on the ca. 18.6-year cycle of eclipses x 3. The Avenue pointed toward the Summer Solstice point at the Heelstone on a line running from the North Celestial Pole through (or slighltly past) the tip of Ursa Minor and through Ursa Major, marked by the Slaughter Stone..

Stonehenge Groundplan Original

Stonehenge Ground Plan Constellations

Choice of the Stonehenge Site by Astronomy

Gerald S. Hawkins in Stonehenge Decoded, Doubleday, 1965, writes that "Newham and Charriere ... have both commented ... that the latitude of Stonehenge is practically optimum for sun-moon rectangular alignment.... [I]n the northern hemisphere there is only one latitude for which, at their extreme declinations, the sun and moon azimuths are separated by 90 degrees. Stonehenge is within a few miles of that latitude."

As Hawkins notes, the replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Klickitat County, Washington, USA, is at the wrong latitude 5 degrees too far south, and hence the luni-solar alignments do not work properly. That is what happens when well-meaning people do not properly understand the astronomy of the megaliths.

Astronomical Seriousness of Stonehenge

Stonehenge was thus not just erected by chance as some kind of a "religious" object as erroneously thought by mainstream scholars ignorant of ancient astronomy, but was located pursuant to strict astronomical considerations. That is why the ancients transported giant stones over hundreds of miles from the quarries to this location, rather than to build their astronomical clock in situ.

Purpose of Stonehenge in Historical Writings


Diodorus Sicilus (1st century BC) writes in Book II, Loeb Library translation, concerning the  "Hyperboreans" and
their royal kings and priests, the "Boreades" (Brits), as follows:

"And there is also on the island both a magnificent sacred precinct of Apollo [the SUN] and a notable temple which is adorned with many votive offerings and is SPHERICAL in shape....

They say also that the moon, as viewed from this island, appears to be but a little distance from the earth and to have upon it prominences, like those of the earth, which are visible to the eye.

The account is also given that the god visits the island every nineteen years, the period in which the return of the stars to the same place in the heavens is accomplished; and for this reason the nineteen-year period is called by the Greeks the 'year of Meton'.

At the time of this appearance of the god he both plays on the cithara and dances continuously the night through from the vernal equinox until the rising of the Pleiades....
"

The purpose of Stonehenge is thus quite clear from ancient writings as well as from modern computer studies of alignments, ala Hawkins.
It was an astronomical instrument erected in the Stone Age era at a specific location designed for its purpose by earth and sky.

Here is what we write
on the Index Page of megaliths.net
about Stonehenge:


Megaliths.net is a systematic graphic-supported analysis of megaliths and megalithic sites around the world which shows that ancient megalithic sites are land survey sites located by prehistoric astronomy. As observed by Alice Cunningham Fletcher (Alice C. Fletcher) in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist, there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska, geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens. FLETCHER, A. C. (1902), STAR CULT AMONG THE PAWNEE —A PRELIMINARY REPORT. American Anthropologist, 4: 730–736. doi: 10.1525/aa.1902.4.4.02a00050.

Alice Cunningham Fletcher
The photograph that we have inserted here at the left is a photograph that includes Alice Cunningham Fletcher with Nez Perce Chief Joseph and is described at the Wikipedia as follows:

"Alice Cunningham Fletcher and Chief Joseph at the Nez Percé Lapwai Reservation in Idaho, where Fletcher arrived in 1889 to implement the Dawes Act. The man on one knee is James Stuart, Alice Fletcher's interpreter. According to Jane Gay in "With the Nez Perces" (University of Nebraska Press, 1981), Stuart customarily kneeled in this way when he felt anxious. Photograph by Jane Gay. (Courtesy Smithsonian Institution, National Anthropological Archives [MS4558]. Images from the National Anthropological Archives may not be reproduced without permission.)
"

The Smithsonian image is in the public domain.



The Hermetic PAWNEE Star Lodge System

Pawnee Hermetic Sky Earth Stellar System Via Fletcher

The most ancient plan of Stonehenge looks like this
(we trust that even modern archaeologists can see the similarity)

StoneHenge GroundPlan Turned For Pawnee Similarity

The image above is my scan of an original survey map of Stonehenge as found glued to the inside margin of page 55 of William Long's book, Stonehenge and its Barrows, published in Devizes in 1876 from the Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Magazine, vol. xvi, Wiltshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. That book is still the best book ever published on Stonehenge, except for Gerald S. Hawkins, Stonehenge Decoded.

The Pawnee Star System was applied hermetically on Earth i.e. "As Above, so Below" and Fletcher's drawings show without any doubt that this same system was quite obviously used in the oldest constructions at famous locations such as Avebury, Knowth and Stonehenge, whose clear astronomical nature is still disputed by scholars lacking kno
wledge. Mainstream scholars alleging that those constructions are not clearly astronomical have not done their homework, as these Pawnee drawings -- undeniably astronomical -- prove.

I have also -- speculatively -- interpreted the Pawnee Star Lodge stellar system, which is based on a four "post hole" system, just as Stonehenge above, for example. This interpretation is not as important as the recognition that the Pawnee system and the Stonehenge and other similar constructions represent the same ancient "astronomical technology", and they do so, evidence-based, on the undisputed Pawnee example.

Pawnee Star System Of Fletcher Interpreted By Kaulins

Pawnee Star System Of Fletcher Interpreted By Kaulins Starry Night Pro

We have studied whether the astronomy of the Pawnee was more widespread in ancient eras, not only in the United States but around the world.... It was.


We have applied the "Pawnee" hermetic astronomical principle, "as above, so below" to megalithic sites around the world, for example, to the Malta Temples, and have achieved remarkable results.

We suggest that many megaliths and megalithic sites served as boundary stones and landmarks sighted (and sited) by astronomy.


Megalithic Site Name: Stonehenge
Nation/Country/State: United Kingdom, England
District/Region/Parish/County: Salisbury, Amesbury
Local Location: Salisbury Plain
GPS: 51°10'44" N, 1°49'35" W
Grid: SU 1224 4218
Monument No.: SU 14 SW 4
Unique Identifier: 219434
Directions: On the A344 off the A303, 2 miles W of Amesbury & 9 miles N of Salisbury
Site Access: English Heritage & National Trust Members admitted free. Adults £5.90. Children £3.00. Concession £4.40. Family (2 adults + 3 children) £14.80. Closed Dec. 24-26 & Jan. 1. Opens daily 9:30 a.m. (9:00 June 1 - Aug. 31). Closes 4:00 p.m. (Oct. 16 - March 15), 6:00 p.m. (March 16 - May 31, Sep. 1 - Oct. 15), 7:00 p.m. (June 1 - Aug. 31).
Administration: English Heritage, The National Trust
Protection Status: World Heritage Site



First-time users please read
the
Index Page thoroughly for understanding.

Bedford Cambridge Therfield Heath Royston Star Surveying Geometry Herefordshire Oxfordshire Gloucestershire Isle of Man North Wales Corona Australis Sagittarius South Wales Scorpio Arthurs Stone Serpens Caput Paviland Ophiuchus Cornwall Crux Centaurus Cornwall Apus Musca Large Magellanic Cloud Devon Kents Cavern Torquay Virgo Boötes Kents Cavern Torquay Torbay Merlin's Cave Aries Pisces Cetus West Sussex Grus Indus Pavo Southern Triangle East Sussex Stonehenge Silbury Hill Knowlton Pleiades Perseus Taurus Gemini Somerset Swallets Kent Coldrum Catigern Ara Jullieberries Wayland's Smithy Andromeda Pegasus Vale of the White Horse Lewes bottom stars of Capricorn GNOMON 3117 BC Bedford Cambridge Therfield Heath Royston Liverpool Manchester Calderstones Derbyshire Peak District Aquila Creswell Crags Lincoln Aquila Capricorn Rombalds Moor Pavo Indus Octans Cumbria Southern Polar Star Dorado Hydrus Reticulum Snowden Carr Large Magellanic Cloud Bird of Paradise Rudston Stone Yorkshire Eridanus Hydrus Rudston Stone Yorkshire Eridanus Hydrus Yorkshire Thornborough Circles Ripon Southern Pole Star Calculation The following links can be used
to navigate this website from this page.

STONEHENGE: | Barrows | Groundplan | Sarsens | Stonehenge Breastplate | Trilithons |

WILTSHIRE: | Knowlton Rings | Winterbourne Stoke | Pleiades | Silbury Hill | Woodhenge | Avebury |

| HOME | Site Map | Sky Map | The Book | England | Wales | Scotland | Ireland | France | Germany | Benelux | Italy Corsica Malta Sardinia | Switzerland & Austria | Spain Portugal | Scandinavia | The Baltic | Russia | Eastern Europe | Central Asia | Near East | Egypt & Africa | Greece | Turkey | USA & Canada | Mexico & Mesoamerica | South America | New Zealand & Oceania | China | Japan | Korea | Southeast Asia | India & Sri Lanka | Mercator | Kammrath | Cult of Horus | Nebra | Tanum | Osnabrueck | Oesterholz | Externsteine | Stars Stones and Scholars | Ancient Signs The Alphabet and the Origins of Writing |



Legal Notice, Terms of Use, Impressum


The owner and webmaster of Megaliths.net is Andis Kaulins
B.A. University of Nebraska; J.D. Stanford University Law School
Former Lecturer in Anglo-American Law, FFA, Trier Law School
Alumnus Associate of Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, NYC

This page was last updated on January 13, 2013.

Terms of Use, Privacy Policy, Impressum, Publisher

All materials presented on Megaliths.net are for information only.
No other relationship under the law is established to the user.
No warranties are made regarding the truth or accuracy of postings.
We disclaim any and all liability for the consequences of links
to third party websites.

Legal Notice of Fair Use of Copyrighted Materials:
Copyrighted materials on Megaliths.net are posted under the "fair use" exception
as granted by Title 17 U.S.C. [United States Code] Section 107.


Waylands Smithy
WAYLAND's SMITHY
Andis Kaulins in 2000

Megaliths Net Pinterest Image


kaulins la hogue bie
LA HOGUE BIE
Go in there? Will it hold?
after 5000 years?

kaulins jersey
JERSEY, 2000
Andis at La Hogue Bie

andis kaulins carnac
CARNAC, FRANCE
Andis at Carnac 2000
Who, me?
Count all those
stones?

kaulins england
In The Cotswolds
Andis Kaulins England 2000






Megaliths.net - The Decipherment of the Megaliths


Key search words for LexiLine are: Aegean, Akkad, Anatolia, ancient, ancient astronomy, ancient Britain, ancient Europe, Ancient Greece, ancient languages, ancient Near East, ancient signs, ancient world, anthropology, archaeology, archaeoastronomy, art history, artefacts, artifacts, astronomy, barrows, Biblical Studies, cairns, cave paintings, celestial, civilization, Crete, cultural astronomy, Cyprus, decipherment, dolmens, Egyptology, Elam, Fertile Crescent, geodetics, heavens, hieroglyphs, history of art, history of astronomy, history of civilization, history of mankind, history of science, history of technology, history of Western Civilization, land survey, languages, linguistics, logograms, Luvian, Luwian, megaliths, megalithic, Minoan,  Mycenae, Neolithic, Neolithic art, Oriental Studies, origins, origins of writing, Phaistos, pictographs, planisphere, prehistoric, prehistoric art, Pyramids, rock art, rock drawings, standing stones, stars, stellar constellations, stone circles, stone rings, Stone Age, stone rows, Sumer, surveyors, tumuli, Andis, Andis Kaulins, Kaulins.


The ISandIS Network

Our Websites and Blogs: 99 is not 100 Aabecis AK Photo Blog Ancient Egypt Weblog Ancient World Blog AndisKaulins.com Andis Kaulins Blog Archaeology Travel Photos (Flickr) Archaeology Websearch Archaeo Pundit Arts and Sciences Journal Arts Pundit Astrology and Birth Baltic Coachman Bible Pundit Biotechnology Pundit Bloggers' Pundit Book Pundit Chronology of the Ancient World Computer Pundit DVD Pundit EarnATon blog Easter Island Script Echolat edu.edu Einstein’s Voice Energy Environment and Climate Blog Etruscan Bronze Liver of Piacenza EU Laws EU Legal EU Pundit FaceBook Pundit Gadget Pundit Garden Pundit getCITED Golf Pundit Google Pundit Gourmet Pundit Hand Proof House Pundit Human Migrations Idea Pundit Illyrian Language Indus Valley Script Infinity One : The Secret of the First Disk (the game) Isandis (blogspot) Isandis Net (blogspot) Jostandis Journal Pundit Kaulins Genealogy Blog Kaulinsium (WordPress) Kiel & Kieler Latvian Blog LawPundit.com LawPundit (blog I) Law Pundit (blog II) LearnATon blog LexiLine.com LexiLine Group Lexiline Journal Library Pundit Lingwhizt LinkedIn Literary Pundit Magnifichess Make it Music Maps and Cartography Megalithic World Megaliths Megaliths.net Minoan Culture Mutatis Mutandis Nanotech Pundit Nostratic Languages Official Pundit Phaistos Disc Pharaonic Hieroglyphs Photo Blog of the World Prehistoric Art Pundit Private Wealth Blog PunditMania Quanticalian Quick to Travel Quill Pundit Road Pundit SlideShare (akaulins) Sport Pundit Star Pundit Stars Stones and Scholars (blog) Stars Stones and Scholars (book) Stonehenge Pundit The Enchanted Glass Twitter Pundit UbiquitousPundit Vision of Change VoicePundit WatchPundit Wine Pundit Word Pundit xistmz YahooPundit zistmz